I’ve been using Linux for the past 5 years as a daily driver and also streaming on Twitch. The process being different from Windows, I decided to write a little guide for it. I have not tried streaming on YouTube, Facebook or any other service, but I assume this guide will also be useful.
On Windows you would either use StreamLabs OBS(SLOBS) or OBS Studio. On Linux, only OBS Studio is available as SLOBS is a proprietary software and for windows 10. The package is in the repos and called
obs-studio. OBS Studio does not have all the built in tools SLOBS has for creating alerts, testing them, the bot, etc. You will have to use those from their website in the same fashion you would using OBS Studio on Windows. Essentially you create the alerts, jar, etc just as you would on the app and then copy the URL address and paste it in the CLR browser/web browser. Here is the twist, there is no web browser in OBS Studio on Linux. Thankfully there are user created browsers in the AUR. I personally use
obs-linuxbrowser-bin(used to be called linuxbrowser), there is also a standard version and a git version. There are no other steps required after installing it you will be able to paste the StreamLabs link in the web browser source as you would on Windows. OBS on Linux also has no game capture, just use window capture to capture your game. Desktop capture seems to make proton games laggy, I would suggest to avoid it.
The dashboard/alert software by StreamLabs (not SLOBS, the old TwitchAlerts) also does not support Linux. I suggest simply opening a tab in your browser on your dashboard.
This is the more tricky section. If you use hardware that requires proprietary drivers/software, it might not support Linux. Let’s start with capture cards, both Elgato and AverMedia do not have Linux support. Blackmagic Design does offer Linux support and the drivers can be found in the AUR, the package is called
decklink. You do not need any additional plugin for OBS, once you install that package you will be able to add a blackmagic device source. I personally use a Blackmagic Intensity Pro 4K, but I used to have an Elgato HD60 Pro on Windows, but I got rid of it due to no Linux support. You will notice Blackmagic products are more expansive, but they are also higher quality.
Your microphone will work(most likely) on Linux, but if you use any proprietary software to adjust it, it might not be available. I use an AT2020 USB and have no issues, it works out of of the box with alsamixer and does not require any specific software. The Blue Yeti is also a great option without any software.
Webcams work out of the box on Linux. Same as other hardware, proprietary software might not be available. Webcams can easily be adjusted on OBS on both Windows and Linux. I never bothered installing my webcam software on Windows either as I only use it with OBS and all the options are in there.
Some of you might be using or considering an Elgato Streamdeck. Even if streamdecks require proprietary software by Elgato which is only available on Windows 10, they do work. I personally do not own one, but I have seen Linux creators use them for macros.
If you have any questions and suggestions, feel free to let me know. This is my first time writing a tech-related guide outside of work and school.