My system is all AMD and, as I understand it, that’s a good thing for Wayland. However, here’s a few things I’ve noticed…
Wayland does not seem to permit programs to set global hotkeys. Since I like to use Guake, that’s a bit of a problem but, as a work around, I can set the hotkey through the Gnome desktop settings. Then again, I launched Steam, played a little No Man’s Sky and was able to take a screenshot in-game using Alt-F12 (can’t bind just F12 because…Guake). For that matter, the game seemed to play just fine (though I only tried it for a few minutes).
Wayland does not seem to be remembering window positions for applications. For example, Evolution does not remember that I want it to open on the right side of my screen.
Tray icon support is a bit dicey. Tray Icons Reloaded only works with a couple of them in Wayland, AppIndicator/KStatusNotifierItem does a bit better. The latter also works well with arch-audit-gtk, which I consider the most important since it gives an immediate visual notification if there’s a pending security related update.
Multiple references (including the ArchWiki) are saying Wayland is more secure so it’s worth giving it a look. Still though, it seems there are a few minor “glitches” yet.
^an extension that supports Gnome 41/42 and Wayland support that remembers window screen size and placement for the next time you open it. It works great for me on X11 Gnome 42. But it’s preference handling in the extension settings is a nightmare to adjust since it saves every single window settings, so over time it’ll build up in the extensions settings list. You can enable/disable it on a per app basis, so you don’t need it for every single app. I genereally keep it on all my apps except for the ones like a web browser and my terminal, which I typically want a certain way. Feel free to tinker and see if it’s a right fit for you. Good luck.
I should also mention. I also took a look a Wayland on my old “distro-tester” machine (running Fedora). That’s a pretty old PC with a practically ancient nVidia card. On that machine, I get periodic mouse freezes and it just seems to work and play better with x11. The experience overall is much better on my “daily driver / all AMD” machine.
I’ve been running Ubuntu 22.04 LTS on X11 this past week, though it defaults to Wayland. Since I have a Nvidia hybrid setup, Wayland support has not always been implemented well (yet), but I just did a reboot to test it out. Other than one or two apps that won’t launch because their backends only support X11, everything else appears to be working just fine. This is only from 10 minutes of testing, so my experience may change for better or worse, but at the moment I am cautiously optimistic.
This is done through Steams overlay and only works for Steam games due to how they handle it. If you disabled the overlay it wouldn’t work. You can generally have hot keys within a focused window but they won’t work out of Focus and the programs can’t see/interact with each other unless explicitly designed to and given permission to do so.
If the applications are X11 and using xWayland they may not due to the xWayland session for those applications being destroyed upon exit. That’s my best guess.
The only one that works well AFAIK is KStatus extension.
Wayland increases security by restrictions to how applications can interact with each other. In X11 any application can freely record key presses or can even screen capture without your knowledge for example.
Wayland also drops everything being built directly into it like X11 did to having features be implemented through a sort of plugin system/extensions that can be added/removed. This makes auditing easier and maintenance easier as unmaintained code can easily be dropped as its not core to Wayland.
The common misconception is that “Wayland isn’t ready because ‘xyz’ isn’t built-in” when that’s not exactly how it works. That’s why things like the fantastic Pipewire have come about, to handle things like audio/screen recording. The core of Wayland is meant to be simple, easy to maintain, secure, and fast. The rest is meant to be filled out through extensions and other projects. Wayland is fine, the ecosystem around it is what’s developing the most right now.
Screen capture has been possible on Wayland for some time now, one of the Gnome devs specifically worked on it for well over a year. I havent experienced any display issues, but i cant be for sure on what others experience as i dont have their hardware.
This is a silly argument, this isnt Waylands problem if a DE doesnt support it.
This also isnt necessarily on Wayland as much as an issue of adopting newer technologies in general. Replacing X11 with just a drop in isnt feasible to my knowledge due to problems with X11 and its age/complexity. This isnt necessarily even an issue with X11 or Wayland but a lack of foresight in early Linux/X11 days that lead up to the situation we have now, but as they say hindsight is 20/20. X11 is not fit for the modern desktop and threats that they face.
This i have to wonder are we blaming Wayland for Driver or hardware issues? Linux frequently is missing workarounds for a lot of hardware that windows has, how much of this is on Wayland and not on the hardware/drivers?
This is fine enough, nobody absolutely has to use X11 or Wayland. The thing is that people need to understand though that Wayland cant be X11 because its specifically designed to not be and it never will be. If the benchmark is for Wayland to be X11 but newer then it will NEVER be ready as it wasnt designed to be that in any capacity.
On another note maybe we shouldnt derail OP thread too much in case there are some good questions/answers to be had lol
As far as display glitches. I’ve not seen them yet on my more modern and all AMD machine. The old beater computer with the old nVidia card does seem to have occasional stutters using Wayland. Enough of a problem that I just stick with x11 on it.
With respect to screenshots, both my screenshot utility and the PRT SC key on my computer work just fine.
For the tray icons. KStatus is working for all of them except Protonmail Bridge, but that icon will work in Wayland with Tray Icons Reloaded. Protonmail Bridge itself loads and runs fine, just no tray icon. It’s a known issue on Protonmail’s support page.
I just discovered as I was reading up on software updates/changes. Did some looking around my own system and saw that VDPAU was working for me under X11 but not Wayland. Now I’m wondering if I can just get rid of VDPAU altogether and, thus, purge all vestiges of nVidia from my system…
You can also just use VAAPI without VDPAU. VDPAU is mostly Nvidia and most players support VAAPI and that’s what’s used by Firefox for acceleration and is experimental in chromium I believe. You can continue to use it if you wish but its not necessary
I understand that’s generally the case but some software will have to be told to use it as they’re set up for VDPAU by default (or straight-up call it a dependency like ffmpeg and mpv). So, the emulation layers are nice if they just avoid me maintaining non-standard configs. That being said, If I can remove VDPAU without breaking any dependencies and just roll with the translation layers for when I really need it, that would work for me.