I can't see tor-browser ,launched from command line, in graphical mode XFCE

The process stalled at this stage:

ore microdescriptors: we have 0/6733, and can only build 0% of likely paths. (We have 0% of guards bw, 0% of midpoint bw, and 0% of end bw (no exits in consensus, using mid) = 0% of path bw.)
May 30 08:33:21.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 50% (loading_descriptors): Loading relay descriptors
May 30 08:33:22.000 [notice] The current consensus contains exit nodes. Tor can build exit and internal paths.
May 30 08:33:23.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 56% (loading_descriptors): Loading relay descriptors
May 30 08:33:24.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 64% (loading_descriptors): Loading relay descriptors
May 30 08:33:24.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 73% (loading_descriptors): Loading relay descriptors
May 30 08:33:24.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 75% (enough_dirinfo): Loaded enough directory info to build circuits
May 30 08:33:25.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 90% (ap_handshake_done): Handshake finished with a relay to build circuits
30 08:33:25.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 95% (circuit_create): Establishing a Tor circuit
May 30 08:33:25.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 100% (done): Done

I installed tor like this: yay -S aur/tor

Could you post the link to the AUR page for tor?

Also for using TOR browser, you don’t really need to install it on your system.
You could just download it from the project’s official site, extract it in a folder under your home directory, go into the extracted folder and run it as “portable app” by clicking on the icon:

Screenshot from 2023-05-30 08-53-33

tor is a package for the tor network tool, that handles all the connections, not for the browser. To install the browser, use this:

sudo pacman -S torbrowser-launcher

Do not use the AUR for anything tor related, that is not secure. The launcher is in the official repos (specifically in the extra repository). This launcher is a Python script that downloads the Tor browser from the official page.

That’s one way of doing it, but in my opinion, it is inferior to installing the package from the repos. The problem is that you do not take advantage of package management and you do not automatically update your Tor browser. Unless you are really vigilant about it you could end up running an outdated version of the Tor browser, which could potentially be very insecure (depending on what you do over the Tor network).

The torbrowser-launcher script from the official Arch Linux repositories automatically updates your Tor browser when launching it.

Thanks after ```
pacman -S torbrowser-launcher
it works

For the record, you do get automatic updates when running TOR browser as “portable app” as described in my previous post: