[…] we have evaluated the performance
of Linux kernel 5.19 against the 5.18 release and we have
noticed performance regressions in Linux VMs on ESXi
In other words: They have tested the performance in a virtual environment. Not sure if their findings can be translated to a regular PC running Linux natively.
I did a quick benchmark comparison with geekbench. I compared kernel 5.19 with 5.15. I did not want to install 5.18.
In this benchmark the difference between 5.19 and 5.15 is neglectable, within the error limits.
I also tested Linux hosted in a vmware. And I do not see significant difference there either:
They may use Intel CPU that has some security vulnerability.
Intel retbleed/IBRS commit: 16.29 secs (absolute diff ~2 secs)
Intel retbleed/IBRS commit: 23.824secs (absolute diff ~2 secs)
The Kernel prevents the vulnerability and dramatically decreases performance, that is my guess.